ACT阅读超高频词汇来袭,帮你做到时间最优化

ACT阅读的难点在于涉猎话题比较广泛,文章的取材大多来自于权威杂志、小说论文等,包括四种类型:小说、社会科学、人文和自然科学。所以词汇学习需要包含这四种类型的方方面面,这让绝大多数中国学生不知所措。


本文给大家带来了ACT阅读超高频词汇,词频越高的单词,越要先背,因为高词频的单词,以后考到的概率会更高,优先背诵这些单词对于基本功比较差的同学而言,才能够做到时间最优化。



为什么要背核心词汇?


1.他们源于真题,方便同学们获取对考试难度和命题方向的第一手体验;


2.他们带着准确高质量又形象易懂的英文释义,让同学们用英语对其有一个直观的感知;


3.他们当然还有音标、词性、中译。读出来、用母语、感受语境,怎么开心怎么背!

我们一起来看看这些阅读高频词汇吧!


Aspiration:[æspəˈreʃən] n. 渴望


desire to achieve things


60E SS Line 10


The aspiration to neutrality findsprominent expression in our politics and low.


Prominent: ['prɒmɪnənt] adj. 突出的


important andwell-known


OG1 SS Line 20


In days gone by, when theonly entertainment in town on a Wednesday night was to go to the countycourthouse to listen to a prominent politician give a theatrical tiradeagainst Herbert Hoover, an eloquent speaker could pack the courthouse and havefive thousand people lined up to the railroad tracks listening to the boomingloudspeakers.


Derive: [dɪ'raɪv] v. 源于


get


60E SS Line 11


Although neutrality derives from theliberal tradition of political thought, its province is not limited to thoseknown as liberals.


Disprove:[dɪsˈpruv] v. 反驳


prove to be false


63E SS Line 90


It’s as difficult to disprove animalconsciousness as it is to prove it.


Oppose: [kən'sɝvətɪv] v. 反对


unwilling to acceptchanges and new ideas


60E SS Line 19


Conservatives appeal to neutrality when opposingattempts by government to impose certain moral restraints.


Welfare: ['wɛl'fɛr] n. 福利


health, comfort,and happiness


60E SS Line 25


Republicans have long complained thattaxing the rich to pay for welfare programs for the poor is a form ofcoerced charity that violates people’s freedom to choose what to do with theirown money.


Assure:[ə'ʃʊr] adj. 保证


you tell them that it is definitely true or will definitely happen,often in order to make them less worried


60E SS Line 29


Democrats have long replied that governmentmust assure all citizens a decent level of income, housing, educationand health care.


Permanent: ['pɝmənənt] adj. 永久的


lasts forever


60E SS Line 39


So familiar is this vision of freedom thatit might seem a permanent feature of the American political tradition.


Deliberating: [dɪ'lɪbərət]v. 仔细考虑


plan and decide beforehand


60E SS Line 51


It involves deliberatingwith fellow citizens about the common good and helping to shape the destiny ofthe political community.


Sustain:[sə'sten] v. 维持


continue or maintain for a period oftime


60E SS Line 76


For despiteits appeal, the liberal vision of freedom lacks the civic resources to sustainself-government.


Monopoly: [mə'nɑpəli] n. 垄断


complete control


63E SS Line 13


Twenty-fiveyears ago be published a short book suggesting that humans didn’t have the monopolyon thoughts and feelings


Appall: [əˈpɔl] v. 使惊愕


fill with fear or alarm


63E SS Line 16


Otherscientists were appalled.



Disguise: [dɪsˈɡaɪz] v. 伪装


make something appear different so that people will not know about it orwill not recognize it


63E SS Line 32


Animal enrichment programs featuring mentalpuzzles disguised as toys and treats have become a standard part ofdaily life at zoos.


Issue: [ˈɪʃu] n. 问题


an importantsubject that people are arguing about or discussing / v. 发行 make somethingknown formally or publicly


63E SS Line34


And in the spring of 2001 the University ofChicago Press issued an updated edition of Dr. Griffin’s 1992 book, AnimalMinds.


Cautious:[ˈkɔʃəs] adj. 谨慎的


acts very carefully in order to avoid possible danger


63E SS Line 39


Scientists,including me, have come to be very cautious.


Caution:


Misinterpret:[ˌmɪsɪnˈtɜ:rprɪt] v. 误解


understand something wrongly


63E SS Line 40


Early work on primate gestures and facialexpressions was grossly misinterpreted.


Interpret: [ɪnˈtɜ:rprɪt] v. 解释


decide the meaning or significance of something


OG SS Line 32


But the effort to explain what was in his head has spawned almost asmany interpretationsas the words themselves have generated politicalmovements.


Intensify: [ɪnˈtɛnsəˌfaɪ] v. 增强


make somethingbecome greater in strength, amount, or degree


63E SS Line 42


In fact the recent findings appear to haveonly intensified the debate over animal consciousness.


Mess: [mɛs] n. 混乱


something in an untidystate


63E SS Line 42


Tufts University philosopher Daniel C.Dennett declared the state of thinking on animal consciousness a “mess”.


Advocate: [ˈædvəˌket] v. 提倡


recommend something publicly/ n. 提倡者


63E SS Line 66


On the one hand there are the pro-consciousness philosophers like Colin McGinn, a professor at RutgersUniversity, and Peter Singer, a professor of bioethics at Princeton and aleading animal rights advocate.


Primitive: [ˈprɪmɪtɪv] adj. 原始的


belonging to avery early period in the development


63E SS Line 71


I think it’s plain common sense thatanimals have conscious states,” Mr. McGinn said. “Animals way down to insectshave phenomenal consciousness. It’s a primitive feature of thebiological world.


Unleash:[ʌnˈliʃ] v. 发泄、释放


release or vent


63E SS Line 84


Dr. Griffin appears mildly amused by thedebate his work has helped unleash.


Crack: [kræk] v. 打破


something becomes slightlydamaged, with lines appearing on its surface.


71H NS Line 10


If they tried, scientists could hardlyinvent a more difficult mystery to crack.


Detached: [dɪˈtætʃt]adj. 单独的


not joined to any other house


OG4 SS Line 51


Sprawl’s other most familiar form is drivenlargely by the American dream of a detachedhome in the middle of agrassy lawn.


Detached: [dɪˈtætʃt] Adj. 超然的


not personally involved insomething or has no emotional interest in it


61C Humanities 23-A


the narrator develops the third paragraphmainly through detached philosophical musings on the nature of theobject she sees.


Hinder: [ˈhɪndɚ]v. 阻碍


prevent the progress or accomplishment


63C NS Line 84


Where fires have been prevented, the forestfloor rapidly becomes colonized by shade tolerant white firs and incensecedars, hindering redwood regeneration.


Obstacle: [ˈɑ:bstəkl]n. 障碍


an obstruction that stands in the way


67C SS Line 62


There is also a major obstacle outside theworkshop: the resistance of the buyers to new woods.


Inhibit: [ɪnˈhɪbɪt]v. 抑制


prevent something from happening


69F NS Line 49


On the other hand, the heating andionization can also agitate clouds, inhibiting the birth of new stars.


Fluctuation:[ˌflʌktʃʊˈeʃən] n. 波动


change a lot in anirregular way


OG2 NS Line 9


Helmholtz was very conscious of color “constancy”—the way in whichthe colors of objects are preserved, so that we can categorize them and alwaysknow what we are looking at, despite great fluctuations in thewavelength of the light illuminating them.


Illuminate: [ɪˈluməˌnet] v. 照亮


shine light on something


OG2 NS Line 9


Helmholtz was very conscious of color “constancy”—the way in whichthe colors of objects are preserved, so that we can categorize them and alwaysknow what we are looking at, despite great fluctuations in the wavelength ofthe light illuminating them.


Illusory: [ɪˈlusəri] adj. 虚幻的


not real


61B SS Line 24


What is illusory is the widely held assumption that humanhave toiled miserably throughout history, only to be freed from labor by20th-century technology.


OG2 NS Line 82


These demonstrations, overwhelming intheir simplicity and impact, were color “illusions” in Goethe’s sense,but illusions that demonstrated a neurological truth –that colors are not “outthere” in the world nor an automatic correlate of wavelength, but, rather, areconstructed by the brain.


Overwhelming: ˌ[oʊvərˈwelmɪŋ] adj. 巨大的


very great


OG2 NS Line 82


These demonstrations, overwhelmingin their simplicity and impact, were color “illusions” in Goethe’s sense, butillusions that demonstrated a neurological truth –that colors are not “outthere” in the world nor an automatic correlate of wavelength, but, rather, areconstructed by the brain.


Trigger: [ˈtrɪɡɚ] v. 引发


to make sth happen suddenly


71H NS Line 73


As the Earth’s orbit slowly changes, sodoes the pattern of the sunlight falling on a given spot on the globe, triggeringthe glaciers’ advance and retreat.


Counteract:[ˌkaʊntɚˈækt] v. 抵消


reduce the effect ofsomething by doing something that produces an opposite effect


71H NS Line 89


Until scientists can explain changes in Earths climatic past, theycannot be sure they aren’t overlooking factors that could either counteracta human-made warming or amplify it.


Amplify: [ˈæmpləˌfaɪ] v. 扩大


increase strength or intensity


Delve: [dɛlv] v. 探究


try to discover new information about something


61D SS Line 88


However, given that Marshall, laid the foundation fortoday's racial landscape, his grand design of how race relations best workmakes his life story essential for anyone delving into the subject.


Remedy: [ˈrɛmɪdi] n. 补救办法


asuccessful way of dealing with a problem


61D SS Line 47


And it was Marshall, as the nation’s firstAfrican-American Supreme Court Justice, who promoted affirmative action—preferences,set-asides, and other race-conscious policies—as the remedy for the damage remainingfrom the nation’s history of slavery and racial bias.


Circumscribe: [ˈsɜ:rkəmskraɪb] v. 限制


limit or restrict


OG1 SS Line 15


Furthermore, even withregard to high-visibility issues, significant communication between theelectorate and public officials is extremely circumscribed.


Deter: [dɪˈtə:] v. 阻止


try to prevent


OG1 SS Line 62


Serious coverage ofgoings-on in government is deterred by the fact that government is sotechnical that even career civil servants cannot explain what is happening.


Diligent: [ˈdɪlədʒənt] adj. 勤奋的


works hard in a careful and thorough way


OG1 SS Line 69


Intricate technical issues such astaxation, arms control, and nuclear power are difficult to understand forprofessionals, to say nothing of the most diligent layman.


Extol: [ɪkˈstoʊl] v. 赞美


praise enthusiastically


65C SS Line 51


“A rolling stone gathers no moss” as extollingthe virtues of action as opposed to the more sedentary life.


Underestimate: [ˌʌndɚˈɛstəmet] v. 低估


If you underestimate something, you do not realize how largeor great it is or will be.


57B SS Line 21


According to the Bozeman Chronicle,even if federal specialists have wildly underestimatedthe number of cows and sheep that wolves would kill in the Yellowstone andcentral Idaho areas, the actual totalwould be much smaller than the number that die each year in the stateof Montana alone because of storms, dogs, and accidents.


Inherent:[ɪnˈhɪrənt] adj. 固有的


existing as an essential constituent or characteristic


57B SS Line 30


If you raise Christmas trees, part of thecost and risk of doing business is losing a few trees to gypsy moths and icestorms; inherent in the cost of ranching, particularly on public lands,should be the cost and risk of losing livestock to predators.



Eclipse: [ɪˈklɪps] v. 使黯然失色


begreater in significance than


57B SS Line 53


The industry’s cry of economic loss has eclipsed the costs tothe general public of not having wolves.


Reciprocity: [ˌresɪˈprɑ:səti] n. 互惠


arelation of mutual dependence or action or influence


57B SS Line 82


The story of this conflict is the story ofhow we view ourselves in relation to animals, whether we can replace theassumption of “dominion” That has been so destructive to us and the natural worldwith a worldview that recognizes that we live in a state of reciprocitywith the birds and the beasts-that we are not only the product of nature butalso part of it.


Foster: [ˈfɔ:stə] v. 促进


to encourage something to develop


71H SS Line 46


Her research—whichshe conducts alongside her husband, an organic farmer—exploresgenetically engineered crops that, instead of serving the rapacity ofagribusiness, foster the fundamentals of sustainability.


Impending:[ɪmˈpendɪŋ]adj. 即将发生的


an impending event is one that is going tohappen very soon


Endeavor: [ɪn’devə] n. 努力


apurposeful or industrious undertaking


71H SS Line 50


Their endeavor, counterintuitive as it seems, points to an emerginggreen biotech frontier— a hidden realm of opportunity to feed theworld’s impending 9 billion a diet produced in anenvironmentally responsible way.


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